Open Comminuted Tibial and Fibular Fracture

A trauma illustration for medical legal purpose

A pedestrian John Doe was struck by a vehicle and thrown approximately 20 feet. He was taken to the hospital with an open fracture on his right leg. After a CT scan, it turned out there were fractures on both his tibia and fibula. 

John Doe's attorney has turned to SAM Medivisuals (SAM - Shehryar Saharan, Amy Assabgui and Mimi Guo) for medical legal visualization solutions. A trauma illustration panel was needed as a piece of demonstrative evidence for John's case in court. 

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Faculty advisor

Stephen Mader

Medium/Software

Photoshop, Procreate and Adobe Illustrator

Final presentation format

A vertical illustration panel for screen or print

Primary audience

Demonstrative evidence for jury in court

Work Process

Tibial and fibular fractures

  • Reconstructed from CT scan

  • Radiographic overlay for credibility

  • Detailed and accurate bony structures with attention to the rotation of the comminuted fracture fragments

  • Nerve damage considered

By Shehryar Saharan

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Reference

  1. Agur, A. M., & Dalley, A. F. (2017). Grant's atlas of anatomy (14th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.

  2. Agur, A. M., & Dalley, A. F. (2019). Moore's essential clinical anatomy (6th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.

  3. Cole, D., Medellin, J., Wennell, R. C., & Lavallee, M. E. (2020). Fracture Types and Definitions. Sports-Related Fractures, Dislocations and Trauma, 77–84. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-36790-9_8

  4. Gilroy, A. M., MacPherson, B. R., Schünke, M., Schulte, E., Schumacher, U., Voll, M., & Wesker, K. (2016). Atlas of Anatomy (3rd ed.). Thieme.

  5. Haragi, M., Yamaguchi, R., Okuhara, T., & Kiuchi, T. (2020). Questionnaire survey of a mock jury on their impressions of medical-legal illustrations aimed at reducing trauma and PTSD of jurors. Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, 43(2), 67–75. https://doi.org/10.1080/17453054.2019.1707074

  6. Mader, S., Wilson-Pauwels, L., Nancekivell, S., Lax, L., Agur, A., & Mazierski, D. (2005). Medical-legal illustrations, animations and interactive media: Personal injury lawyers’ perceptions of effective attributes. Journal of Biocommunication, 31(3), 6–17.

  7. Netter, F. H. (2006). Atlas of Human Anatomy (4th ed.). Saunders.